The esthetics and performance of carpet is similar to the fabric in your clothing. The type of fiber used, the construction of the cloth, and the color all play a role in the styling, cost, and performance of that garment.
Staple fiber is a series of short, 6 to 7 inches in length, strings spun together to form one continuous filament. Several of these are twisted together to form a strand of yarn.
BCF fiber is a continuous filament manufactured as one long string. These are twisted and heatset together to form a strand of yarn. Both of these processes create yarns that produce carpet products with distinctly different looks and characteristics.
Description of Common Carpet Fibers
Brand name fiber such as DuPont Stainmaster®, Solutia WearDated®,and Honeywell Anso® usually indicates additional yarn testing and/or additional soil and stain treatments have been added.
Used in residential and a few commercial applications, polyester has good color clarity, colorfastness, and resistance to water-soluble stains. All of Mohawk's polyester yarn comes from our state-of-the-art plastic bottle recycling facility. This "food-grade" PET Polyester fiber is considered to be better quality than "carpet-grade" polyester fiber.
Also known as Olefin, this fiber resists fading, generates low levels of static electricity, is favorably priced, and can be engineered in outdoor applications. Due to its manufacturing process, polypropylene inherently resists stains. When used in specific carpet constructions, this yarn will perform as well as most resilient fibers.
The most expensive of the fibers listed here, it is a natural fiber with moderate soiland stain resistance. Durable, luxurious "hand", reduced visible soil due to fine, light-scattering characteristics.
Fiber Performance in Carpet
|Nylon(filament)||Nylon (staple)||Olefin(filament)||Polyester(staple)||Wool (staple)|
|Stain Resistance||Very Good||Very Good||Excellent||Very Good||Very Good|
|Soil Resistance||Very Good||Very Good||Fair||Very Good||Very Good|
|Cleaning||Very Good||Very Good||Very Good||Good||Very Good|
|Available Colors||Excellent||Excellent||Fair||Very Good||Fair|
|Pilling & Fuzzing||Excellent||Fair||Very Good||Fair||Fair|
|Resistance to Household Cleaners||Very Good||Very Good||Excellent||Very Good||Good|
** assuming treatment with a soil resistant chemical.
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